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You are cordially invited to a RIPS seminar scheduled for Thursday, May 17th, 2018. We are privileged to have Prof. Jacques Emina from the University of Kinshasa present findings from his research on HIV/AIDS and those most-at-risk.

 Speaker: Prof. Jacques Emina, Associate Professor, Department of Population and Development Studies, University of Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Managing Director, Population and Health Research Institute (PHERI), Kinshasa, DRC.

 Topic: Demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of HIV among women in East Africa: Who are most-at-risk?

 Date: Thursday, 17th May, 2018

Venue: RIPS Lecture Room

Time: 2PM

 Chairperson: Prof. Samuel Codjoe, Director, RIPS, University of Ghana


Though its global incidence is declining, HIV/AIDS remains the leading cause of death in women of reproductive age in sub-Sahara Africa. This paper applies Chi-square Automatic Interaction Detector model to the 2009-2014 DHS data conducted in seven Eastern African countries (Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe) in order to examine the predictors, and identify the most-at-risk of HIV sero-positivity among women. Overall, marital status appears the best predictor of HIV sero-status. The probability of being HIV-positive is higher for widows and divorced. Other variables in the model such as age, wealth index vary by country. These findings suggest that sexually active women not in union provide an important pool of HIV transmitters. This raises the age-old issue of the legalization of polygamy in the region to counter loose multiple concurrent partnerships. Majority of female HIV programs focus on the commercial sexual workers because they are easily identifiable. By opposite, the surviving sexual transaction women, including unmarried women (15-49) seem to be ignored because of stigmatization of polygamy in the context of modernity. Furthermore, the study reveals interaction between demographic and modernity theories. Therefore, it is noteworthy that to achieve zero new infection one of HIV eradication strategy, interventions should be targeted and prioritized according to the prevalence and demographic size of different risk groups.


Jacques Emina is Associate Professor at the University of Kinshasa, Department of Population and Development Studies in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). He is also the Managing Director of Population and Health Research Institute (PHERI), a research institution based in Kinshasa, DRC. He completed his PhD in Social Sciences (Demography) from the Catholic University of Louvain (Belgium) in March 2005. He also holds a Masters of Sciences in Demography from the same University in 2000, and a Bachelor of Science degree in Demography from the University of Kinshasa in 1994. More recently has coordinated the Research and Evaluation component of the USAID funded research and evaluation project called Evidence for Development (E4D). He previously worked as the Science Programme Manager for the Scientific Research Coordination Section at the INDEPTH Network’ Secretariat in Accra (May 2013-April 2015). He also worked as Senior Research Bio-Statistician at the Malawi Liverpool Wellcome Trust in Malawi (2011); WHO/TDR-PSI regional coordinator for the External Evaluation of the Impact of PSI's intervention of Community Case Management of Childhood Illness on all causes Childhood Mortality in Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Malawi (2010-2011); Researcher and Head of the Data Unit at African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC) in Nairobi, Kenya. Jacques has an extensive experience in Monitoring and Evaluation, population and health policy’s analysis, sexual and reproductive health, Operations research, and the Demography of family and household. Jacques is an active member of professional associations, including the Population Association of America (PAA), International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP). He is the Union for African Population Studies (UAPS) Regional Representative of Central Africa.